Why did Rome lift restrictions on the supply of weapons to Saudi Arabia?
In Italy, since 2019, there has been a ban on the export of military products to Riyadh. And now Rome is lifting restrictions on the supply of weapons to Saudi Arabia.
This came in a statement issued after the meeting to the Italian government Chaired by Prime Minister Giorgi Meloni.
The document notes that this decision was taken in accordance with Italy’s defense and foreign policy.
The Italian Cabinet imposed a ban on the export of lethal weapons to Kingdom of Saudi Arabia To prevent its use in the Yemeni conflict.
Today, there is no longer any reason to keep these restrictions in place. The regional context in Yemen has changed, and since April 2022, thanks in part to the truce, military activity has become reasonably limited. Both sides want to end the war.
And at the moment, according to the Italian authorities, the intensity of military operations in Yemen Significantly, and thus the risk of Italian bombs and missiles being used in the war decreased
Rome recognized that Kingdom of Saudi Arabia Supported the United Nations mediation in settling the Yemeni conflict. It was also actively involved in providing humanitarian and economic aid.
Earlier, in April this year, the Italian government announced the lifting of restrictions on the supply of weapons to The United Arab Emirates. This step was also taken in connection with the refusal of this Arab country to participate in hostilities in Yemen.
The United States bans arms sales to Saudi Arabia
Yemen is suffering from a war that began after the Houthis took control of the capital Sana’a and several governorates at the end of 2014, and the conflict intensified since March 2015. After the intervention of an Arab military coalition led by Saudi Arabia, to support the forces of the legitimate government, in the face of the Houthi group backed by Iran.
And hopes have risen among the Yemenis that peace is about to be achieved since it was signed Saudi Arabia and Iran, mediated by China, on March 10. The past 2023, an agreement to resume their diplomatic relations, ending a 7-year rupture between the two countries.
Observers believe that the Riyadh-Tehran agreement has led to calming tensions in Yemen and taking steps to stop the war. Resolving the crisis through political dialogue.
By reconnecting with Iran, The Kingdom hopes that diplomacy will help reduce its vulnerability to direct Iranian attacks, as well as collateral damage from deteriorating US-Iranian relations, and the mutual military escalation between Iran and Iran.Israel.
Meanwhile, the Chinese mediation is a message from Saudi Arabia that it is determined to press ahead with its efforts to diversify its partners.
The Chinese presence in the agreement, then, expresses clear independence in the Saudi-led decision Saudi Crown Prince Prince Muhammad bin Salman, and through him, it is possible to reach a solution to major problems such as the Yemen war.
The Saudi-Iranian agreement also makes sense from a commercial standpoint, as Riyadh considers its security paramount to ensuring that exploration is not disrupted. Saudi Arabia’s efforts to reduce its dependence on oil exports and diversify its economy are creating new patterns. of regional partnerships and rivalries, which is prompting it today to reconsider its fraught relationship with Iran.
A view from Tehran
On the other hand, on the Iranian side, the agreement reflects the conviction of the leaders in Tehran The best way to reduce the influence of the United States. Containing Israel’s interventions – which it is preparing Iran Its first enemy – in the region is to ease tensions with its Arab neighbors, including Saudi Arabia.
From Iran’s point of view, Arab-Israeli normalization is the most dangerous shift in the regional security environment in recent years. It is the greatest danger that must be dealt with by reducing the pretexts that stimulate rapprochement between the Hebrew countries and their Arab neighbors.
Foremost among them are the “Iranian interferences” in the region. Meanwhile, convergence serves with Saudi Arabia Iran’s policy towards the United States as well. By consummating a reconciliation with Saudi Arabia, its most prominent regional opponent, and the United States’ most important ally in the region, Tehran is dispossessing Washington. One of its most important weapons is the claim of being a country that destroys regional and global security, in addition to the introduction of Beijing as a mediator. In the regional security system, it reduces the monopoly of the United States and is in the interest of Iran.
Economics rears its head at the heart of Iranian thinking as well. Harsh international sanctions have left Iran less able to exert influence outside its borders. As well as inflicting any meaningful harm on its enemies in Washington and Tel Aviv.