Iran successfully tests a new multi-purpose quadcopter drone
published ground forces affiliate of the Iranian Revolutionary Guard Video footage of a new multi-purpose quadcopter being tested. The new multi-purpose unmanned aerial vehicle named “Al-Arbaeen” is seen in the video taking off vertically. with a payload and then hits a target shortly after takeoff.
Features of the new aircraft
According to Iran’s Tasnim news agency, experts from the IRGC’s Jihad for Self-Sufficiency and Research Organization succeeded in designing and developing it. and manufacturing Drone New multi-engine in the framework of the project “Forty”.
With a payload capacity of 7 kilograms (15.4 lb), the drone can drop Bombs from 500 meters (1,640 ft) above the ground. In addition, it has vertical take-off and landing (VTOL) capabilities and can simultaneously carry and launch 10 small missiles to engage multiple targets.
And the forty quadcopter, initially presented in a catalog, was announced Drones Iranian Aerospace Industries Organization. For export, last year as a 21 kg UAV suitable for intelligence gathering, surveillance and reconnaissance.
And transporting goods day and night and unloading them. The catalog indicated an approximate flight time of one hour, and an operational range of 10 km. and a maximum cruising speed of 45 km/h.
Recent news revealed that Project Al-Arbaeen had been transferred from an organization Iranian Aerospace Industries To the self-sufficiency jihad organization. of the IRGC, accompanied by changes in its intended purpose and technical specifications.
and reasons for transferring the project from an organization Iranian Aerospace Industries Iranian state-owned to the affiliated Jihad Self-Sufficiency Organization. The IRGC remains undeclared.
Thus, it is very likely that the Al-Arbaeen will be supplied with UAVs, like other IRGC UAVs. Shiite groups in the Middle East. It is worth noting that small quadcopters of this type.
that gained popularity during The Russian-Ukrainian War , has recently been used by terrorist organizations in the Middle East. For drug trafficking and offensive operations.
By 2023, it will have Iran A local industry produces an arsenal of advanced drones. Used in surveillance, reconnaissance and combat. Drones have become one of the biggest threats to Iran’s adversaries and allies United State In the Middle East . This was reflected in the attack of Iranian drones and cruise missiles in 2019 on the largest oil processing facility in Saudi Arabia.
Drones pose “the most pressing threat to the security of the Middle East because of their low cost and wide availability.” and its deniability — its point of departure can be concealed through the use of a complex flight path.”
And Gen. Kenneth McKenzie Jr., former head of the US Central Command, wrote in a paper for the institute Washington . The technology produced “an inflection point in air warfare — comparable to the introduction of manned aviation more than a century ago — that ended the guarantee of air superiority for the United States over its forces and bases,” he warned in February 2023.
Iranian drones have various capabilities:
own Iran At least 10 different models of suicide drones, which explode on impact. It can be as accurate as a ballistic missile, but it can fly lower to avoid radar.
Smaller models, such as the Shahed-136, carry less than 45 kilograms (100 lb) of explosives. One of the smallest models, the Mirage 521, carries just 3 kilograms (6.6 lb) of explosive.
Many are slow and therefore easy to shoot down with anti-aircraft guns or missiles. It has a range of 5 kilometers (3 miles) or 2,500 kilometers (1,550 miles). Iran’s largest suicide drones, such as the Arash series, can carry approximately 260 kilograms (575 pounds) of explosives. It has a range of 2,000 km (1,240 mi).
Drones for combat and surveillance:
own Iran More than ten models of combat drones that can attack targets. Land, sea or air and then back to base. Larger models, such as the Shahed 149, have a range of 2,000 km (1,240 mi) and can carry up to 500 kg (1,100 lb) of munitions or electronic equipment.
And owns most combat aircraft Iranian drones, including long-range models, also have surveillance capabilities. Their jobs range from taking photos and video footage to identifying targets for bombers, fighters or other unmanned aircraft.
Iran also has smaller surveillance-only drones, such as the Hodhod-1, which have a range of up to 30 kilometers (18 miles). They can only stay in the air for an hour or two at a time.
Many have been designed Iranian drones Similar to captured American aircraft, including Predators. Reaper, Sentinel and San Eagle 5, in addition to the Israeli Hermes drone.
Iran has copied the shapes of the drones but hasn’t necessarily replicated all of the sophisticated electronics on board. However, Iran has succeeded in importing American-made parts — almost certainly through intermediaries — for less advanced drones, including the Shahed-136.