New flexible, breathable gas sensors have potential applications in health care and environment

Penn researchers generate functional CAR T cells with enhanced anti-tumor potency in 24 hours

Newly developed flexible, porous and highly sensitive nitrogen dioxide sensors that can be applied to skin and clothing have potential applications in health care, environmental health monitoring and military use, according to researchers. Led by Huanyu “Larry” Cheng, assistant professor of engineering science and mechanics at Penn State, the researchers published their sensor designs, which … Read more

How has COVID-19 affected maternal mental health?

Study: Uncovering the collateral impacts of COVID-19 on maternal mental health. Image Credit: fizkes / Shutterstock

The ongoing pandemic of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has caused severe disruption of social and economic interactions, affecting health services and other important aspects of human life. Until the onset of the Omicron (B.1.1.529) wave, COVID-19 had already had a staggering impact on the world, with over 40% of the world’s population already infected once … Read more

SARS-CoV-2 Omicron escapes immune response due to high ACE2 affinity and low antibody specificity

Study: Increased Receptor Affinity and Reduced Recognition by Specific Antibodies Contribute to Immune Escape of SARS-CoV-2 Variant Omicron. ​​​​​​​Image Credit: Orpheus FX / Shutterstock

In a recent study published in the journal Vaccinesresearchers revealed how severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2) Omicron escapes neutralizing antibodies (nAbs). Two days after it was first reported on November 24, 2021, the World Health Organization (WHO) designated SARS-CoV-2 Omicron as a variant of concern (VOC). The WHO estimated a potentially higher risk of … Read more

BIDMC researchers seek to reduce racial and ethnic disparities in diabetes diagnosis

Increased levels of a microRNA in type 2 diabetes have negative effect on insulin secretion

Diabetes is a leading cause of death and disability in the United States, affecting more than 34 million adults and generating $330 billion in annual healthcare expenditures. Excess body weight is one risk factor that increases one’s odds of developing diabetes, and federal guidelines recommend starting screening at age 35 for all overweight adults – … Read more

Past cancer history not linked with increased mortality or hospitalization due to COVID-19

Combination therapy shows promising results in patients with recurrent ER-positive endometrial cancer

Patients diagnosed with cancer more than one year ago and those not receiving active treatment were no more vulnerable to worse COVID-19 outcomes than patients without cancer, according to a new study led by UTHealth Houston. Youngran Kim, PhD, and Liang Zhu, PhD, researchers in the Department of Neurology with McGovern Medical School at UTHealth … Read more

Researchers use a systems biology approach to parse the genetic diversity of C. difficile

Genetic cause of lupus identified

Researchers at University of California San Diego School of Medicine and Jacobs School of Engineering, with colleagues at Baylor College of Medicine, have used a systems biology approach to parse the genetic diversity of Cdifficult lostridioidesa particularly problematic pathogen in health care settings. The Centers for Disease Control estimates that the bacterium causes approximately 500,000 … Read more

Why cheap, older drugs that might treat covid never get out of the lab

New approach to help low- and middle-income countries reduce premature mortality from NCDs

In March 2020, Dr. Joseph Vinetz left the contemplative world of his Yale University infectious-disease laboratory and plunged into the covid ward at Yale New Haven Hospital, joining an army of health care workers who struggled to treat the deadly viral disease. There were no drugs against covid-19, and no way to predict which infected … Read more

Poor sleep increases risk of long COVID

Study: Health behaviours the month prior to COVID-19 infection and the development of self-reported long COVID and specific long COVID symptoms: A longitudinal analysis of 1,811 UK adults. Image Credit: Niphon Subsri / Shutterstock.com

In a recent study published on the medRxiv* preprint server, researchers investigate the presence and impact of health behaviors like smoking, and poor sleep in individuals who contracted coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). Study: Health behaviors the month prior to COVID-19 infection and the development of self-reported long COVID and specific long COVID symptoms: A longitudinal … Read more

Booster dose of mRNA vaccine highly effective in preventing SARS-CoV-2 infection

Booster doses provide strong protection against hospitalization and death from COVID-19

A booster dose of mRNA vaccine significantly decreases the risk of being infected with either the delta or omicron COVID-19 variants, according to scientists at the Rocky Mountain Center for Occupational and Environmental Health (RMCOEH), a program partnership between the University of Utah and Weber State University. The researchers found that a booster shot, or … Read more

High C-section rates plague the South

Disinfectant use by pregnant women may increase risk for asthma and eczema in children

All along, Julia Maeda knew she wanted to have her baby naturally. For her, that meant in a hospital, vaginally, without an epidural for pain relief. This was her first pregnancy. And although she is a nurse, she was working with cancer patients at the time, not with laboring mothers or babies. “I really didn’t … Read more